This article departs from the cognitive dissonance that prevails in a large part of the political class and in many supranational institutions, as well as in the Member States, and declares that the European Environmental Pact is a concrete milestone in the transition to a decarbonised social economy, not because me does not want to be the bearer of such promising news, but because the scientific data suggests failure of the greenhouse gas reduction targets to the levels required by recent studies and projections.
Note that we would need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 65% to 70% by 2030 if we are more likely not to see a 1.5 degree increase by 2050. The agreement reached between the Commission, the Council and the European Parliament is 55%. Also, when we look at some of the sector packages that make up the next Multiannual Financial Framework, we see that the ‘green’ political declarations run counter to reality. For example, if we talk about the Common Agricultural Policy, which absorbs about 30% of the EU budget and causes more than 10% of greenhouse gas emissions in Europe, but one of the biggest contributors to deforestation in the European Union (EU) is due to animal husbandry we believe that reducing intensive animal production and gradually switching to more comprehensive, regenerative and plant-based production methods are not effective.
And if we look at macroeconomics, we continue to see that trade agreements with third countries fall far short of the goals of the Paris Agreement and the European Eco-Act themselves. That is, when the Portuguese Presidency of the Council of the EU declares that it wants to conclude the agreement with the Mercosur countries without any legal ties guaranteeing the end of deforestation in the Amazon or even the investment agreement with the People’s Republic in disregard for human rights and the effects of Chinese industrialization on greenhouse gas emissions, we are proving that the climate is not a priority, but a political buzzword.
And this psychological consolation that reigns in the European institutions is due to the majority of the parties that make up them and that determine their governance, namely the European People’s Party (PSD / CDS), the Socialists and Democrats (PS) and Renew Europe (Liberal). and that projected to postpone structural and urgent changes in the way we produce, distribute, consume and manage waste shows that at the climatic level we are not facing scientific data as an existential crisis.
But there is hope! We urgently need to accept that the climate crisis poses an existential threat and understand that it is not enough to vote for those who promise and fail to fulfill their commitments to protect and regenerate ecosystems. This challenge of decarbonising Europe and guaranteeing its citizens a better life will only be achieved by giving more power to green political movements, involving more communities, citizens and businesses in the decision-making process, and decentralizing production, sales and management in waste all regions and sectors.