The story of this treasure has yet to be told, but until June 6, visitors to the Archaeological Museum of Córdoba (MAC) will have the opportunity to get up close and personal with the most important pieces of the As Jóias de Amarguilla group.The legacy was established in this southern Spanish province in the year of the Andalusian National Police restored.
The strong image of the exhibition is a Star of David adorned with an incomplete ring of gold. Archaeologists and specialists consulted by the Cordoba Museum admitted the treasure belonged to a wealthy Jew who hid and buried it in the early 11th century. In 1009 and more than two decades under Hisham II, Andalusia lived in a state of civil war that resulted in the end of the Cordoba Caliphate (also known as Umayyad) in the early 1930s.
In this context, a wealthy owner, probably a Jew, decided to protect a treasure – archaeologists also speak of a “trousseau”, taking into account its composition – consisting of more than half a thousand jewelry, predictably from the 10th century. MAC now displays nearly a hundred pieces in gold, silver and gold silver, bracelets decorated with bird shapes, crystal and glass beads of various colors, and almost fifty pearls, in addition to the Star of David mentioned above.
Coins are missing, however, and this loophole justifies the difficulty in locating the origin and time of the find. “All Umayyad treasures contain coins, which shows that they were sold in this case as it is a type of piece that offers a very easy way out, unlike jewelry that no antiquarian or collector would buy,” cited he from El País, Alberto Conto, Professor of Archeology at the Autonomous University of Madrid. The archaeologist is inclined, however, that the burial of the treasure took place in this troubled beginning of the 11th century.
The story of the discovery of the treasury of Amarguilla is also a bit unsettling and not yet fully explained. The name comes from the property on which it was found, in the municipality of Baena, south of Cordoba. El País cites police investigations based on the reference “by an urban archaeologist from Cordoba who made the discovery [à venda] on social media photographs of various pieces with possible archaeological value ”. From here we reached the trace of a person who identified the owner of the mentioned pieces and, despite his “not very coherent statements”, made it possible to extend the investigation to the municipalities of Lucena and Luque, which would lead to the discovery of the millennial treasure.
The inheritance, found in a ceramic bag or container, was then given to the Archaeological Museum of Cordoba, which spent several months restoring several of its pieces, which are now on display in the exhibition. “This is one of the best jewelry sets we have. The six-pointed star [de David] It’s one of a kind. There is nothing like it that gives it exceptional value, ”said the museum’s director, María Dolores Baena, who stressed that the pieces have been restored using the most modern techniques to restore them to their original appearance.
In the explanation of the exhibition, MAC points out that this is the “most complete treasure” of the ten and a half known collections of this type, even without coins, namely that of Charilla and Ermita Nueva, both in Jaén or that of Shop in Murcia.
“It’s just spectacular. I’ve never seen anything like it, ”exclaims Alberto Conto, one of the greatest specialists in the Al Andaluz civilization.