Iran and IAEA agree on a more limited model for maintaining inspections of the nuclear program

Iran and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) agreed on Sunday a model of inspections limited to that country’s nuclear program in light of Tehran’s announcement that it would suspend international cooperation next week.

The decision was announced by IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi on his return to Vienna, the headquarters of this UN body, after a two-day visit to Tehran, where he met with key Iranian negotiators. “We will have less access [do que até agora]We have to be honest, but we have sufficient access, ”said Rafael Grossi in statements at the airport in the Austrian capital, quoted by the EFE news agency.

The tensions surrounding the Iranian nuclear program stem from an Iranian law that comes into force on Tuesday suspending what is known as the “Additional Protocol” to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) unless states impose sanctions against it Cancel land.

This protocol enables IAEA inspectors to visit any civil or military nuclear facility in Iran without notice. This measure is considered essential under the 2015 Nuclear Agreement to Limit Iran’s Nuclear Program in return for lifting the sanctions imposed by several countries.

The United States of America withdrew from the agreement signed in 2015 three years later through the decision of then President Donald Trump, who reintroduced economic sanctions against Tehran. Iran has not fulfilled its obligations under the pact since 2019.

Rafael Grossi confirmed this Sunday that the “law exists and will be implemented” which means that “the additional protocol will be suspended”. “However, we have agreed on a specific bilateral agreement to overcome this period in the best possible way without losing the necessary inspection capacity,” said the IAEA official.

Grossi also expressed his hope that the United States and Iran can reach an agreement soon so that both parties can honor the deal in full. Tehran agrees to do so, but first calls for the lifting of US sanctions, in particular the embargo on oil exports, which has hit its economy hard.