Today they are gypsies in Portugal. It is tomorrow? | opinion

Hannah Arendt defined anti-Semitism in a new type, the “modern”, which emerged in the 19th century as a political phenomenon of racist ideological thought, and showed the difference in the expression of religious and cultural hatred of Jews minus the Middle Ages. The anti-Semitism of the laity appeared around 1870 exactly at a time of emancipation and assimilation of the Jews in Europe (see the case of Dreyfus, a Jew in the army). In addition to social Darwinism and eugenics, anti-Semitism was uncovered, according to which Jews were no longer identified as members of a religious and cultural minority, but as a “race”. When the Nazi regime then decided, on the basis of its own racial criteria, that a certain group of people did not have the right to live in the country, it chose in a gradual process the location and duration of their extermination in what was called the Holocaust (or ShoĆ” ) is known.